Why is there still talk of social equality and equity today? They are still topics under discussion, and it has always been said that they mean the same thing, but with certain nuances in each one. In this article you will discover the importance of these concepts and the differences between equality and equity, a current social need.
What is equality and what is its importance?
Equality means giving the same treatment to all people before the laws, without discrimination or giving benefits. In this way, equal treatment is that offered to any person in the environment, without taking into account their different characteristics, such as factors such as their socioeconomic status, their gender or race.
Its importance lies in the concept of not denying things that are granted by right to anyone, for the reason of having different characteristics from other people in their environment.
Equality is established as a right in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, since 1948. In that declaration, all the governments involved promise to give equal treatment before the law to their citizens, both for access to their rights. rights such as the fulfillment of their duties.
These rights correspond to guarantees of a universal nature for all people and are established as fundamental principles for life.
What is equity and what is its importance?
Equity is understood as a principle, about giving people the same treatment before legal entities, without any type of discrimination, but always taking into account the needs, differences and situations that the people around them live.
In equity you can find the same concept of equality, but equity takes into account the experiences, conditions and opportunities of each person, the objective is always to provide justice.
Equity is relevant, because it is an ideal that takes into account all the characteristics that make each person different and the needs they may have for it, knowing that each human being deserves to have the same rights as others, but that each one lives one different reality and has its own conditions, and therefore may sometimes require special treatment.
Differences between equality and equity
The great notorious difference between equality and equity is that the former seeks to provide the same right and treatment to each person regardless of their qualities or characteristics, while equity seeks to provide people with the exact treatment they need and the same rights and opportunities.
While equality is governed under world laws declared by the UN, equity is an idea of an ethical or moral nature, which recognizes that treating all people in the same way can sometimes mean an injustice to them.
Equity seeks to enforce rights for all people, looking for ways for those who have difficulties to access it to exercise that right. Social equality is the law that allows that right to be granted to all people regardless of their origins, their gender, among others.
For example, equality allows all children to have access to education. However, there are children living in rural areas far from schools. Equity is what ensures that education can reach them, through, for example, free transportation and public education.
Social equality and equity are essential elements so that each human being can have access to the things that are his or her right, taking into account all the conditions that each one lives.
It is therefore essential to develop policies that are fully complied with, with the aim of putting into practice the exercise of these rights and that it does not remain only on paper or in words, but can be reflected with facts.